Currently, the new crown pneumonia epidemic prevention and control and stabilize the economy has become the focus of work, our country has made it clear to accelerate national planning major projects and infrastructure construction, “new infrastructure” has become the focus of attention at home and abroad. Artificial Intelligence for 5G base station construction, UHV, intercity high-speed railway and urban rail transportation, new energy vehicles charging pile, large data centers, science and technology fields end new infrastructure industries have a significant role in promoting the Internet; artificial intelligence and 5G, big data, etc. technologies, will promote the rapid development of many other industries, lay the foundation for intelligent digital transformation in many areas. As artificial intelligence technology support of major new infrastructure, new infrastructure for national economic development and have played a significant role. AI has great potential in terms of boosting the current epidemic prevention and control, resumed production complex aspects prominent role in the stable investment, promote consumption, help upgrade and foster new economic growth momentum, create new forms of intelligent economy. To seize the “new infrastructure” opportunities, reinforce the comprehensive artificial intelligence infrastructure to better serve the economy and society.
1. The core technology of artificial intelligence and artificial intelligence relationship involving knowledge of core technologies, data, algorithms, and calculation power. It is knowledge by experience, learning or association and recognize the objective laws of the world. Knowledge is an important foundation of artificial intelligence, knowledge acquisition is the bottleneck. Knowledge in knowledge representation, knowledge reasoning and application of knowledge , such as the state-space representation and semantic network representation, certainty and uncertainty reasoning and knowledge base, knowledge maps, knowledge mining, knowledge discovery. Is the result of the fact that the data or observation, a generic name of various media can be entered into the computer and all of the digital processing program, letters, symbols, and analog video signals and the like. Data from the classic data to large data, from big data to live data from the Internet of Things and the two networks to bring the development of massive amounts of data. 5G faster data transmission network, delays smaller, more widely effective. Problem-solving algorithm is accurate and complete description of the program, referring to a series of clear instructions to solve the problem, representing the policy mechanism described method to solve the problem with the system. The current depth of learning algorithms and mapping knowledge, logical reasoning, learning symbol combination, unsupervised learning from unstructured or untagged data. Calculated by the cognitive, brain-like computing, pervasive computing, the development of new algorithms and evolutionary computation birth emerged. Existing algorithms such as depth study has solved many practical problems, but cognitive layer countFrance has not been a breakthrough. Induction force is calculated and mathematically transforming capacity of the machine, i.e., the abstract and complex mathematical expression or the ability to convert digital mathematical formulas can be appreciated by mathematical methods. With end member and chipset, memory and hard drive to the processor, increased computing power. There is a new computing architecture comprises calculating new GPU, FPGA, NN chip and new chip cloud, quantum computing. With the growing computing power of computing speed to get rising. Knowledge is the source of artificial intelligence, in the long history of the development of artificial intelligence, the development of artificial intelligence comes from knowledge, and rely on knowledge. Expert systems, fuzzy computing, knowledge maps, knowledge base are all based on knowledge developed. Data is based artificial intelligence, artificial intelligence, data is introduced, enriching the content of artificial intelligence, artificial intelligence to improve the theoretical level, to promote the development of artificial intelligence upgrade. Computational Intelligence depending on the data rather than knowledge; neural computing, evolutionary computing are based on data and developed. Algorithm is the soul of artificial intelligence , but also artificial intelligence core of soft power. Research advances in algorithms, artificial intelligence make the problem solving strategies to improve it. A good algorithm can make problem solving more effective, improve efficiency even make solving times, a hundred times, a thousand times. Depth learning algorithm and depth of reinforcement learning algorithm is an excellent representative of the algorithm. Operators force (computing power) is the power of artificial intelligence, artificial intelligence is the key to ensure hard power. The new chip artificial intelligence and a new calculation method Control Engineering Copyright , the computing capabilities continue to increase, constantly improve computing speed, can greatly promote the development of artificial intelligence industry. 2. Status One current development of artificial intelligence industrialization: industrialization has taken shape on the basis of international artificial intelligence, artificial intelligence substantial growth in the number of companies in recent years. The number of international Artificial Intelligence Enterprise: United States far ahead in Europe draw. As of 2017, global distribution company focused on artificial intelligence in the United States (2905, accounting for 48.11%), China (670, accounting for 11.10%), Europe (657, accounting for 10.88%). To March 2019, the United States accounted for 40.3%, China 22.1%, the gap between China and the US two years the number of AI companies reduced from 37.0 to 18.2 percent. Situation two: artificial intelligence, investment and financing ringUnprecedented bullish territory. Financing the United States a dominant, closely followed by EU. Artificial intelligence has become one of 2017’s most popular areas of investment. Up to the United States (42 percent, to $ 4.54 billion), Europe (18.7%, to $ 2.02 billion), China (16.9%, $ 1.83 billion) followed. To March 2019, the United States accounted for 36.5% fell, China’s share rose to 23.5%, the gap between China and the US in artificial intelligence investment and financing of two years reduced from 25.1 to 13.0 percent. Situation three: higher industrial technology starting point, aware intelligence is relatively mature field. AI industry is perceived from intelligence to cognitive intellectual development. Intelligent voice-aware intelligence involved in computer vision and natural language processing technology, application infrastructure is more mature; let such deep learning image, voice and other perceived problems like a breakthrough, computer vision gave birth to the face recognition, intelligent video surveillance applications. But cognitive intelligence requirements “thinking machines” and “emotional labor” and so on, is still in development and exploration, and practical application is still some distance. Situation four: Artificial Intelligence International papers published and cited the high number is increasing year by year. Chinese papers published in the past 10 years the total amount of the first, the second largest number of highly cited. 2009–2018 on China, the United States accounted for 22.7% of artificial intelligence papers and 20.4%, respectively, while the number of highly cited accounted for 35.6% and 38.6%, respectively. Citation impact of artificial intelligence dissertation United States, the number of patents, number of enterprises and financing are all ranked first in the world, the overall strength of a global leader. China issued a document the amount of paper among the highest in the world , the number of enterprises, financing the second largest in the world. Situation Five: Artificial Intelligence constantly refresh the number of international patent applications. 2017 China International Patent Application number than the United States, ranking first in the world accounting for 37.1%; ranked second in the United States accounted for 24.8%; Japan ranked third accounting for 13.1%. Since 2017, China has maintained the first position of artificial intelligence international patents. Six Status: artificial intelligence, talent shortage, fierce competition for top talent. 2018 artificial intelligence expert 205 295 people worldwide, including the United States 28536 people (13.9%), China 18232 people (8.9%), India 17,382 people (7.8%). 2018 global artificial intelligence training senior personnel 22400 people, the United States accounted for 44%, China 11%, UK 6%, Germany 5%. States AI serious shortage of personnel, lack of artificial intelligence, talent is very, very intense competition for top talent artificial intelligence. Status quo of: social and ethical issues of artificial intelligence concern. The rapid development of artificial intelligence, so that people fear artificial intelligence than human intelligence will lead to social status and security of mankind owner threatened. Artificial intelligence, especially to reasoning, will be thinking, understand the emotion of high-level artificial intelligence, will cause many social laws and ethical issues. Overall, China should gradually include the whole industry chain layout AI basic industries, technology industries and applications industries. 3. Artificial Intelligence and the real economy, the depth of integration of core technologies to accelerate the development of artificial intelligence breakthrough to promote industrial development and the strong industrial upgrading. Knowledge resources, data base, the core algorithm, the depth of integration of computing power development, artificial intelligence and jointly promote the emergence of a new vitality. The new era of industrial development urgent need to promote a new round of infrastructure construction and technical upgrading of the industrial revolution to drive the overall pattern. As a new infrastructure of artificial intelligence will be able to penetrate into all walks of life, effectively stimulate the vitality of the market, help upgrade traditional industries by leaps and bounds, and promote the rapid development of the economic system and social productivity, but also become an important breakthrough in economic restructuring. Intelligent application to diversified development, docking at online intelligence service line. Currently the application of artificial intelligence in a dedicated multi-stage, such as face recognition, voice recognition, video surveillance and other specific tasks. With the rise of intelligent manufacturing, logistics and intelligence, wisdom, medical and other industries, the application of artificial intelligence for complex scenes, dealing with complex issues of complex new stage, the application to diversify. Widely distributed computing platform, expanding the application range of online services. At the same time, medical wisdom, intelligent robots, automated driving cars and other industrial development of artificial intelligence, or new ways to bring new communication model for intelligent services Control Engineering Copyright , and the line speed up online services under the integration process services, promote industrial upgrading and more. Artificial intelligence and depth of the real economy to further accelerate the integration process. On the one hand, the manufacture of power construction will promote the development of artificial intelligence, artificial intelligence to promote the industry to achieve a breakthrough integrity; on the other hand, traditional industries rely on artificial intelligence technology infrastructure and industry data resources to achieve the integration of innovative artificial intelligence and the real economy. 2018 China 100 billion yuan of artificial intelligence bring growth to the real economy. And a new generation of artificial intelligence entityThe depth of economic integration will enable retail, healthcare, transportation, manufacturing, finance and other industries, Improve Efficiency, reduce costs, restructuring and upgrading. Artificial intelligence, new products, new services emerging, accelerate the cultivation of industrial new momentum to open up new growth of the real economy, a strong impetus to China’s economic structural optimization and upgrading. For example, published on smart driving with intelligent network linking car “Smart Car innovation strategy” to promote smart car fast development, support intelligent vehicle based on common key technology development and industrialization, intelligent transportation and smart city infrastructure construction of major projects such as; in the field of intelligent robots and service robots, spawned new opportunities for new infrastructure, service robotics industry to accelerate growth; for intelligent manufacturing requirements “to develop new and advanced manufacturing industry, the introduction of information networks and other infrastructure investments to support policies to promote smart, green manufacturing”; for the wisdom of the medical field, has played in the auxiliary treatment, disease forecasting, medical image processing, drug development and other important role, will increase spending on public health services and make new contributions; and for the smart home, and provide tenants with secure personalized, energy saving, convenient service life, and be able to accelerate the release of new consumer potential. Accelerate high-quality artificial intelligence personnel training. Artificial intelligence at all levels of high-quality talent is the first resource-based industries and the development of artificial intelligence technology. To fully multi-mode multi-channel distribution of artificial intelligence personnel training high-quality, high-rise concise, middle and strong real, underlying many and strong, can not be less. To build in artificial intelligence and artificial intelligence disciplines. Education is the most powerful weapon to change the world. With artificial intelligence education is undergoing profound changes, bring great benefits. The rapid development of artificial intelligence technology to bring innovative means of education at all levels of education and opportunities. Intelligent virtual assistants and chat robot able to provide teaching and counseling process more personal to students. Personalized intelligence platform, personalized AI teaching assistant, personalized game can help students learn according to their own rhythm and joy. Artificial Intelligence as a strategic technology and industry in the new age, has made important progress and gratifying achievements, will play an important and irreplaceable role in the country’s social progress, economic development and people’s lives. Epidemic prevention and control and co-ordination in the critical period of economic and social development, artificial intelligence as a national new field of infrastructure and speed up new infrastructure to promote the continued strong development of artificial intelligence bring significant opportunities. We want to see a major achievement of China’s development of artificial intelligence, but also to recognize the existence of shortcomings and gaps, both with confidence, but also mindful of, seize the opportunity to seizeOpportunity to accelerate development of new artificial intelligence infrastructure, solid foundation, building and increase their strength, catch up with international advanced level, for the modernization of our economic system construction, lay a solid foundation to achieve economic transformation and upgrading.